× Main Page Fashion Lifestyle Sport Home Travel Real Estate Business
Social Responsibility Environment Education Innovations Retail Design Photography
Brands Lists
× Main Page Fashion Lifestyle Sport Home Travel Real Estate Business
Social Responsibility Environment Education Innovations Retail Design Photography
Brands Lists

ENVIRONMENT - EDITORIAL

Largest Islands in the World

The earth consists of land pieces surrounded by water. Those that are not continental in size are defined as islands. Some islands host a country, while others do not even have a single resident. Let's take a look at the largest islands in the world.

Thursday, May 14, 2020
Largest Islands in the World

Largest Islands in the World

ENVIRONMENT - EDITORIAL

by Caner Ozdemir

Facebook Share Twitter Tweet

The first rule for a piece of land to be considered an island is that it is surrounded by water. The fact that it is connected to the mainland by human-made bridges does not mean that it is not an island. If the connection is artificial, it is still the island. Islands are located in oceans, seas, lakes, and even rivers, and geographically, each has different definitions and classifications.

The most basic island types are continental islands, oceanic islands, tropical islands. Continental islands are islands that lie on the continental shelf. New Guinea and Great Britain are the first to come to mind of this type of island. Oceanic islands are mostly volcanic and tectonic originations, and these islands are unrelated to the continental shelf. Iceland is one of the most typical examples. And the other is the tropical islands, which are the most numerous in the world. Some of the most preferred destinations for vacationers such as Seychelles and Maldives are also the most famous representatives of tropical islands.

If the island is not very large, it has a unique cultural structure and lifestyle. The fundamentals of their economies are based on tourism, agriculture, farming, and fishing rather than industrial production. This distinguishes the island lifestyle from the mainland lifestyle. However, it is not possible to say that the economic and social life in the islands that are large enough is very different from the mainland. After all, it should not be forgotten that Japan and the UK are also located on the islands.

From a broad perspective, Afro-Eurasia (Africa, Europe, and Asia), Americas, Antarctica, and Australia, are considered as continental landmasses, although they are theoretically the island. The terrestrial area determines the size of the islands. We have listed the largest islands in the world, considering their areas. The advancement of technology and the desire of human beings made it possible to connect the islands to the mainland by tunnels or bridges, but they are all still islands.

Largest Islands in the World
Rank
Island Name
Country
Area (km2)
1
Greenland
Denmark
2,130,800
2
New Guinea
Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
785,753
3
Borneo
Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia
748,168
4
Madagascar
Madagascar
587,041
5
Baffin Island
Canada
507,451
6
Sumatra
Indonesia
443,065
7
Honshu
Japan
225,800
8
Victoria Island
Canada
217,291
9
Great Britain
United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
209,331
10
Ellesmere Island
Canada
196,236